Pop-level and access-link-level traffic dynamics in a tier-1 POP
Proceedings of the First ACM SIGCOMM Workshop on Internet Measurement Workshop - IMW '01
In this paper, we study traffic demands in an IP bacbkone, identify the routes used by these demands, and evaluate traffic granularity levels that are attractive for improving the poor load balancing that our study reveals. The data used in this study was collected at a major POP in a commercial Tier-1 IP backbone. In the first part of this paper we ask two questions. What is the traffic demand between a pair of POPs in the backbone? How stable is this demand? We develop a methodology that
... thodology that combines packet-level traces from access links in the POP and BGP routing information to build components of POP-to-POP traffic matrices. Our analysis shows that the geographic spread of traffic across egress POPs is far from uniform. In addition, we find that the time of day behaviors for different POPs and different access links also exhibit a high degree of heterogeneity. In the second part of this work, we examine commercial routing practices to assess how these demands are routed through the backbone. We find that traffic between a pair of POPs is engineered to be restricted to a few paths and that this contributes to widely varying link utilization levels. The natural question that follows from these findings is whether or not there is a better way to spread the traffic across backbone paths. We identify traffic aggregates based on destination address prefixes and find that this set of criteria isolates a few aggregates that account for an overwhelmingly large portion of inter-POP traffic. We demonstrate that these aggregates exhibit stability throughout the day on perhour time scales, and thus form a natural basis for splitting traffic over multiple paths to improve load balancing. Jorjeta Jetcheva is currently at Carnegie Mellon University. This work was done while she was at Sprint ATL.