Management of ground and remote sensing data for remote monitoring of vineyards
Current problems in remote sensing of the Earth from space
Организация работы с данными наземных и дистанционных наблюдений для решения задач дистанционного мониторинга виноградников
Control of the territories occupied by vineyards, as well as any agricultural land, is often quite difficult due to the lack of information on land use. It should also be taken into consideration that various natural processes and human activities can change the boundaries of vineyards, soil characteristics and vegetation conditions from site to site. The above and other factors require objective and up-to-date information for efficient viticulture, including: work planning, yield improvement,
... yield improvement, costs reduction and profitability increase. This entails solving the optimization problem of vineyards placement, monitoring the state of plants, dynamics of their grow areas, control of their condition, yield monitoring and forecasting. All these tasks require up-to-date and objective information that cannot be obtained unless using modern technologies for observation of spatially distributed objects. Among these technologies is satellite remote sensing that is rapidly developing in recent years and is being increasingly used in croplands monitoring today. Obviously, specific agriculture remote sensing applications demand development of special methods and approaches. In 2015, Magarach National Research Institute for Vine and Wine and Space Research Institute RAS, with the support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, launched a project to develop methods and approaches for remote monitoring of vineyards. An important stage of the project is testing the developed solutions based on integrated use of satellite and ground information. Under the project, creation of a specialized experimental site is envisaged to ensure information flow for verification of satellite data processing methods and testing the technique of using the obtained information for vineyard monitoring. In 2015, creation of this site and development of technologies of integrated analysis of various satellite data started. This paper describes a system which enables efficient processing of the data collected at the experimental test site aimed at the development of methods for remote monitoring of vineyards.