Appearance Shock Grammar for Fast Medial Axis Extraction from Real Images [article]

Charles-Olivier Dufresne Camaro, Morteza Rezanejad, Stavros Tsogkas, Kaleem Siddiqi, Sven Dickinson
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We combine ideas from shock graph theory with more recent appearance-based methods for medial axis extraction from complex natural scenes, improving upon the present best unsupervised method, in terms of efficiency and performance. We make the following specific contributions: i) we extend the shock graph representation to the domain of real images, by generalizing the shock type definitions using local, appearance-based criteria; ii) we then use the rules of a Shock Grammar to guide our search
more » ... for medial points, drastically reducing run time when compared to other methods, which exhaustively consider all points in the input image;iii) we remove the need for typical post-processing steps including thinning, non-maximum suppression, and grouping, by adhering to the Shock Grammar rules while deriving the medial axis solution; iv) finally, we raise some fundamental concerns with the evaluation scheme used in previous work and propose a more appropriate alternative for assessing the performance of medial axis extraction from scenes. Our experiments on the BMAX500 and SK-LARGE datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach. We outperform the present state-of-the-art, excelling particularly in the high-precision regime, while running an order of magnitude faster and requiring no post-processing.
arXiv:2004.02677v1 fatcat:vohghovsererffnewmmzklfkqa