Value of T1 Mapping on Gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI for Microvascular Invasion of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Retrospective Study [post]

2020 unpublished
To evaluate the utility of non-invasive parameters driving from T1 mapping on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI for predicting microvascular invasion (MVI) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Methods: A total of 94 patients with single HCC undergoing partial hepatectomy was included in the retrospective study, who underwent preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI combined with DWI and T1 mapping. Parameters including precontrast, postcontrast and
more » ... ontrast and reduction rate of T1 relaxation time and ADC values were measured for differentiating MVI-positive HCCs (n=38) from MVI-negative HCCs (n=56). The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was analyzed to compare the diagnostic performance of the calculated parameters. Results : The mean value of postcontrast T1 relaxation time were significantly higher in MVI-positive HCCs that MVI-negative HCCs (621.0 vs. 536.5, P <0.001). MVI-positive HCCs demonstrated significantly lower reduction rates of T1 relaxation time and lower ADC values than MVI-negative HCCs (39.4% vs 49.9, P<0.001; 1.495×10 -3 mm 2 /s vs 1.620×10 -3 mm 2 /s, P=0.003, respectively). The area under receiver operating characteristic curves were 0.587, 0.728, 0.824 and 0.690 for precontrast, postcontrast, reduction rate of T1 relaxation time and ADC, respectively. The reduction rate of T1 relaxation time was the most reliable feature with sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the cut-off value (44.9%) of 79.0%, 73.2%, 75.5%, respectively. Conclusions: Reduction rate of T1 relaxation time on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI holds promise for evaluating MVI status of HCC. 3
doi:10.21203/rs.2.19955/v1 fatcat:pv437spskbekjhtturxenpd3m4