The survey of relapse's styles among drug users and stimulants

Minoo Moridi, Sahar Khoshravesh, Roghayeh Noori, Tahereh Pashaei
2017 پژوهان  
Relapse or retention to pre-treatment is one of the most important challenges in drug treatment programs. Cognition of time to relapse in patients with relapse provides an opportunity for performing interventions. The aim of the current study was to identify styles of relapse among drug and stimulant abuses. Methods: This study had a cross-sectional design and was performed on all patients with drug and stimulants abuse referred to MMT, DIC, and therapeutic camps centers in Sanandaj city
more » ... anandaj city (Iran); overall 150 patients were recruited by multi-stage cluster sampling. The data was collected through a Time to Relapse Questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 22. Results: The mean age was 40.52 years old (SD = 11.30). The most used substance that results in treatment was opium and opium juice (41.3%). The most used therapeutic style was self-avoidance (42.7%). The longest purity period of drugs was related to treatment with methadone (78.7%). In terms of relapse styles, more than half (53.4%) of the participants had a sudden relapse. Furthermore, 11.3% had short delay relapse, 18% had long delay relapse and 17.3% had more than one relapse. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the studied group had more sudden relapses, which indicates that addiction therapists should seriously consider teaching the necessary skills to deal with high-risk situations beside pharmacotherapy.
doi:10.21859/psj-15032 fatcat:dwo66knwwvfqxg46o45wcpr5wq