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We report the first synthesis and relevant structural aspects of some simple examples of the betaines 5-7 and their immediate precursors 8-10. Inner salts 5b, 6b and 7b were isolated, whereas compounds 5a, 6a and 7a were transformed to dihydropyridine derivatives. Their liquid-crystal behavior was examined and for benzimidazolyl pyridinium bromide 8a the secondorder hyperpolarizability (β) was measured.doi:10.3998/ark.5550190.0008.437 fatcat:sqdkmtb3ybe4dbovy4qiq4xrya