Determination of Polar Motion and Earth Rotation from Laser Tracking of Satellites [chapter]

David E. Smith, Ronald Kolenkiewicz, Peter J. Dunn, Mark Torrence
1979 Time and the Earth's Rotation  
Laser tracking of the Lageos spacecraft has been used to derive the position of the Earth's pole of rotation at 5-day intervals during Oc tober, November and December 1976. The estimated precision of the re sults is 0.01 to 0.02 arcseconds in both x and y components, although the formal uncertainty is an order of magnitude better, and there is general agreement with the Bureau International de 1'Heure smoothed pole path to about 0.02 arcseconds. Present orbit determination capa bility of Lageos
more » ... is limited to about 25 cm rms fit to data over periods of 5 days and about 50 cm over 50 days. The present major sources of error in the perturbations of Lageos are Earth and ocean tides followed by the Earth's gravity field, and solar and Earth reflected radiation pressure. Ultimate accuracy for polar motion and Earth rotation from Lageos after improved modeling of the perturbing forces appears to be of order ± 5 cm for polar motion over a period of about 1 day and about ± 0.2 to ± 0.3 milliseconds in U.T. for periods up to 2 or 3 months. The problems of orbit determination are associated with the quality,
doi:10.1007/978-94-009-9368-6_40 fatcat:r5tkvxyc3nhhlicmiskmsexwr4