Developmental genetics and symbiotic potential of cyanobacteria

Ivan Ya Khudyakov
2012 Экологическая генетика  
Many cyanobacteria can differentiate specialized cells – heterocysts that fix nitrogen aerobically, akinetes able to survive under unfavorable conditions, and hormogonia providing a means of dispersal. Of great importance for evolution of the biosphere was the ability of cyanobacteria to establish symbioses with eukaryotic organisms that was a prerequisite for the emergence of chloroplasts. This review describes the genes and regulatory systems that control differentiation of specialized cells
more » ... specialized cells and the ability of cyanobacteria to establish symbiotic associations with a variety of hosts.
doi:10.17816/ecogen10429-39 fatcat:6m6hji7cfrahfnphrneuzusmja