Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland
A SECOND POUT IN CHINA. '203 APPEND1 X. YANG-TSK-KIANG. (A.) The Yang-tse-kiang runs from west to east, rising in the mountains belonging to the country of thcTu-fan, in about the thirtythird degree of north latitude. It receives different names, according to the different places it passes through ; and dividing into several branches, forms a great many islands full of rushes, which serve us fuel for the cities round about it. It consists of two distinct branches, which, separating from each
... rating from each other about eighty miles, flow in a parallel direction to the southward for the space of seventy miles, and then unite between the twenty-sixth and twenty-seventh degrees of north latitude, just at the boundaries of the two provinces of Yunnan and Se-tchuen; then striking off to the N.E. directly through the latter of these provinces, collecting the waters of the numerous rivers that descend toward it, from that and another province called Quei-chew; it continues in this direction about CUD miles, and then enters the province of Iiou-quang, in the thirty-first degree of north latitude. Through this last province it takes a serpentine course, and receives the waters of the several lakes with which this part of the country abounds. Leaving Ilou-cjuang it skirts the northern part of the province of Kiang-see, and with a little inclination from the east towards the north, its copious stream glides smoothly through the province of Kiang-nan, and is disembogued into the sea which bounds China to the east, in the thirty-second degree of north latitude. It is both broad and deep, and the Chinese have a common saying, " That the sea is without a shore, and the Kiang without a bottom." Its breadth at the city of Kyeu-kiung-fu, iu the province of Kiang-see, is a mile and a half; and though this city is distant about three hundred miles from the sea, yet the tide ebbs and flows here at the full and change of the moon '. It flows through the richest and most fertile provinces of the empire, and upon its banks are situated the ancient capital of Nankin, the city of Vu-chang-fu or Ilan-kcu, one of the great marts 2 of the empire, and many other 1 Extracts from Jhi Ilalde and Harrow. 1 This assertion is the result of accurate inquiry, and agrees with JDu Iluldc aud other authorities.