Cognitive Elements of Empowerment: An "Interpretive" Model of Intrinsic Task Motivation

Kenneth W. Thomas, Betty A. Velthouse
1990 Academy of Management Review  
This article presents a cognitive model of empowerment. Here, empowerment is defined as increased intrinsic task motivation, and our subsequent model identifies four cognitions (task assessments) as the basis for worker empowerment: sense of impact, competence, meaningfulness, and choice. Adopting an interpretive perspective, we have used the model also to describe cognitive processes through which workers reach these conclusions. Central to the processes we describe are workers' interpretive
more » ... ers' interpretive styles and global beliefs. Both preliminary evidence for the model and general implications for research are discussed. Empowerment has become a Widely used word within the organizational sciences (e.g.,
doi:10.2307/258687 fatcat:hp5nrscmsjhc7fqottmwpr4ljq