Assessing health reform: studying tool appropriateness & critical capacities

Azad Singh Bali, M Ramesh
2019 Policy & Society  
The past two decades have witnessed unprecedented policy effort to improve access to medical services and strengthen financial protection from catastrophic healthcare expenditure. Despite billions of dollars in health spending, manyespecially across the developing worldcontinue to remain vulnerable to financial impoverishment. What accounts for this poor performance? To respond to this question, we turn to the design literature in public policy, which emphasises the role of policy tools or
more » ... olicy tools or combination of tools in addressing a social problem. In this paper, we focus on two inter-related aspects of the design orientation to explain outcomes: a) the appropriateness of the policy tool and b) the capacity of government agencies. We apply a framework, which integrates vital questions on both these aspects along three common dimensions (analytical, operational and political) to assess healthcare reforms in India and Thailand. The case studies illustrate the importance of both these aspects of the design orientation in explaining outcomes, and show how they are commonly overlooked in the health and social policy literatures, and in reforms underway.
doi:10.1080/14494035.2019.1569328 fatcat:6ek5phfowncl3bcnbsirqfjxxq