Analisis Kesiapan Layanan Nicu pada Neonatus dengan Berat Lahir Rendah di Rumah Sakit Ibnu Sina Gresik

Titik Maimanah, Thinni Nurul Rochmah
2020 Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan  
The Net Death Rate (NDR) of low birth weight neonates have signifi cantly increased from 2014 to 2017 at Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) of Gresik Ibnu Sina Hospital. And it has faced high demands and unbalances to readiness and availability of Comprehensive Emergency Neonatal and Obstetric Services (PONEK). This study aims to analyze the readiness of neonate's patient service with a low birth weight case. This study was observational with a cross-sectional design. Subjects were medical
more » ... cts were medical professionals, including paramedics and medical facilities at NICU of Gresik Ibnu Sina Hospital from December 2017 until June 2018. Data gathering methods conducted with an interview, checklist, and document review of NICU services. It also conducted a gap analysis to assess service needs of 2021 and service reality of 2018. The Number of human resources has still lacked, mainly consultant pediatricians and nurses. 4 of 15 nurses are duty at NICU, clinical working experience less than fourth years. Furthermore, physician and nurse competencies, some facilities, and standard operating procedures regarding NICU services were still incompleted. In order to improve NICU services, hospital management has to develop human resource capacity, facilities, and complete the standard operating procedure to fulfi ll service needs that estimated in 2021. Its necessity managed capacity planning, planning, and development to accomplish standards and needs. Abstrak Net death rate neonatus bayi berat lahir rendah di ruang NICU Rumah Sakit Ibnu Sina Gresik terus meningkat selama tahun 2014-2017. Rumah sakit mengalami permintaan yang tinggi serta terjadi ketidakseimbangan antara kesiapan dan ketersediaan PONEK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kesiapan layanan pasien neonatus kasus bayi berat lahir rendah. Penelitian observasional deskriptif dengan rancangan cross sectional. Subyek penelitian meliputi petugas medis, paramedis, dan fasilitas medis di NICU Rumah Sakit Ibnu Sina pada bulan Desember 2017 – Juni 2018. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan wawancara, pengisian checklist, dan telaah dokumen pelayanan NICU Rumah Sakit Ibnu Sina. Data dianalisis dengan analisis kesenjangan kebutuhan pelayanan pada Tahun 2021 dan kondisi pelayanan Tahun 2018. Jumlah sumber daya yang dibutuhkan masih kurang terutama dokter konsultan anak dan perawat. Sebagian perawat yang ditugaskan belum memiliki lama kerja klinik lebih dari empat tahun. Kompetensi sumber daya perawat dan dokter serta beberapa fasilitas dan standar operasional prosedur pelayanan NICU belum lengkap. Untuk meningkatkan pelayanan NICU maka manajemen RS harus menambah kapasitas sumber daya, fasilitas, dan melengkapi standar operasional prosedur untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pelayanan yang diproyeksikan pada Tahun 2021. Rumah sakit diharapkan menyusun capacity planning dan perencanaan pengembangan untuk memenuhi standar dan kebutuhan.
doi:10.22435/hsr.v23i2.1213 fatcat:s4s3vkzcq5hxxnabatozf4q5b4