The adhesion function of the sodium channel beta subunit (β1) contributes to cardiac action potential propagation

Rengasayee Veeraraghavan, Gregory S Hoeker, Anita Alvarez-Laviada, Daniel Hoagland, Xiaoping Wan, D Ryan King, Jose Sanchez-Alonso, Chunling Chen, Jane Jourdan, Lori L Isom, Isabelle Deschenes, James W Smith (+3 others)
2018 eLife  
Computational modeling indicates that cardiac conduction may involve ephaptic coupling – intercellular communication involving electrochemical signaling across narrow extracellular clefts between cardiomyocytes. We hypothesized that β1(SCN1B) –mediated adhesion scaffolds trans-activating NaV1.5 (SCN5A) channels within narrow (<30 nm) perinexal clefts adjacent to gap junctions (GJs), facilitating ephaptic coupling. Super-resolution imaging indicated preferential β1 localization at the perinexus,
more » ... n at the perinexus, where it co-locates with NaV1.5. Smart patch clamp (SPC) indicated greater sodium current density (INa) at perinexi, relative to non-junctional sites. A novel, rationally designed peptide, βadp1, potently and selectively inhibited β1-mediated adhesion, in electric cell-substrate impedance sensing studies. βadp1 significantly widened perinexi in guinea pig ventricles, and selectively reduced perinexal INa, but not whole cell INa, in myocyte monolayers. In optical mapping studies, βadp1 precipitated arrhythmogenic conduction slowing. In summary, β1-mediated adhesion at the perinexus facilitates action potential propagation between cardiomyocytes, and may represent a novel target for anti-arrhythmic therapies.
doi:10.7554/elife.37610 pmid:30106376 fatcat:wh67zgca3nf7lhbnzene6x7epq