Experimental Study on Melting and Solidification of Phase Change Material Thermal Storage

H Ambarita, I Abdullah, C A Siregar, R E T Siregar, A D Ronowikarto
2017 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
Melting and solidification process of Phase Change Materials (PCMs) are investigated experimentally. The tested PCMs are Paraffin wax and Steric acid which typically used for solar water heater. The objective is to explore the characteristics of the PCM when it is being melted and solidified. The experiments are performed in a glass box. One side of the box wall is heated while the opposite wall is kept constant and other walls are insulated. Temperature of the heated wall are kept constant at
more » ... e kept constant at 80 o C, 85 o C, and 90 o C, respectively. Every experiment is carried out for 600 minutes. Temperatures are recorded and the melting and solidification processes are pictured by using camera. The results show that the melting process starts from the upper part of the thermal storage. In the solidification process, it starts from the lower part of the thermal storage. As a thermal energy storage, Paraffin wax is better than Steric acid. This is because Paraffin wax can store more energy. At heat source temperature of 90 o C, thermal energy stored by Paraffin wax and Stearic acid is 61.84 kJ and 57.39 kJ, respectively. Thus it is better to used Paraffin wax in the solar water heater as thermal energy storage.
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/180/1/012030 fatcat:tvi5xy4agnfydjzop3waykcydi