Fractality evaluation for pulmonary crackle sound using the Degree of Self-Similarity

Achmad Rizal, Risanuri Hidayat, Hanung Adi Nugroho, S. Ma'mun, H. Tamura, M.R.A. Purnomo
2018 MATEC Web of Conferences  
Lung sound is a complex signal produced by the respiratory process. The complex signal has several properties including a chaotic behavior, fractality or self-similarity property. One of lung sounds that arise from abnormalities occurred in the respiratory tract is pulmonary crackle sound. In this study, we tested the degree of self-similarity of pulmonary crackle sound and examined whether the degree of similarity can be used as a feature to differentiate the pulmonary lung crackle sound with
more » ... crackle sound with normal lung sound. The results showed the sufficient strength of the self-similarity nature of the pulmonary crackle sound. Meanwhile, a test using K-mean clustering produced an accuracy of 87.5% to differentiate between the pulmonary crackle sound and normal lung sound. It can be stated then that it is deemed important to take another feature to obtain higher accuracy. The high self-similarity degree indicates that a pulmonary crackle sound has fractals properties.
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201815401038 fatcat:7dcw7fdxdbbpnmvermsyw7fc3i