Options for clinical trials of pre and post-natal treatments for congenital toxoplasmosis

Geneviève Chêne, Rodolphe Thiébaut
2009 Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz  
Clinical trials comparing different drug regimens and strategies for the treatment of congenital toxoplasmosis and its clinical manifestations in the liveborn child in different clinical settings should aim at formally evaluating the net benefit of existing treatments and at developing new therapeutic options. Currently, there is no ideal drug for congenital toxoplasmosis; future research should focus on the screening of new active drugs and on their preclinical and early clinical development,
more » ... nical development, with a focus on pharmacokinetic/dynamic studies and teratogenicity. For the prenatal treatment of congenital toxoplasmosis, a trial comparing spiramycine to pyrimethamine-sulphadiazine and placebo would allow a formal estimation of the effect of both drugs in infected pregnant women. In newborn children, the net benefit of pyrimethamine-sulphadiazine should also be formally assessed. These trials will be implemented in settings where prenatal screening for Toxoplasma gondii is currently implemented. Trials should be carefully designed to allow for translation to other settings and modelling tools like cost-effectiveness analysis should be used to provide clinicians and founders with the best available evidence to establish recommendations.
doi:10.1590/s0074-02762009000200025 pmid:19430657 fatcat:rilg2aanzbh5ph4y4tc4zokyya