Fault Diagnosis of a Reciprocating Compressor Air Valve Based on Deep Learning

Shungen Xiao, Ang Nie, Zexiong Zhang, Shulin Liu, Mengmeng Song, Hongli Zhang
2020 Applied Sciences  
With the development of machine learning in recent years, the application of machine learning to machine fault diagnosis has become increasingly popular. Applying traditional feature extraction methods for complex systems will weaken the characterization capacity of features, which are not conducive to subsequent classification work. A reciprocating compressor is a complex system. In order to improve the fault diagnosis accuracy of complex systems, this paper does not use traditional fault
more » ... ditional fault diagnosis methods and applies deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to process this nonlinear and non-stationary fault signal. The valve fault data is obtained from the reciprocating compressor test bench of the Daqing Natural Gas Company. Firstly, the single-channel vibration signal is collected on the reciprocating compressor and the one-dimensional CNN (1-D CNN) is used for fault diagnosis and compared with the traditional model to verify the effectiveness of the 1-D CNN. Next, the collected eight channels signals (three channels of vibration signals, four channels of pressure signals, one channel key phase signal) are applied by 1-D CNN and 2-D CNN for fault diagnosis to verify the CNN that it is still suitable for multi-channel signal processing. Finally, further study on the influence of the input of different channel signal combinations on the model diagnosis accuracy is carried out. Experiments show that the seven-channel signal (three-channel vibration signal, four-channel pressure signal) with the key phase signal removed has the highest diagnostic accuracy in the 2-D CNN. Therefore, proper deletion of useless channels can not only speed up network operations but also improve diagnosis accuracy.
doi:10.3390/app10186596 fatcat:o6ivfug6kvcrdfudpwild4mlyy