Prevalence of Tooth Decay and Associated Factors Among Ethiopian Patients

Bhumika Sehdev, Lidya Muruts, Kiran Kumar Ganji
2020 Pesquisa Brasileira em Odontopediatria e Clínica Integrada  
How to cite this article: Sehdev B, Muruts L, Ganji KK. Prevalence of tooth decay and associated factors among Ethiopian patients. Pesqui Bras Odontopediatria Clín Integr. 2020; 20:e4835. https://doi. Abstract Objective: To assess the prevalence of tooth decay and it's associated factors among the age group of 15-20 years old visiting Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital. Material and Methods: An epidemiological cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 384 subjects aged 15-20
more » ... ars. A closed-ended questionnaire, according to the World Health Organization methodology was used to collect the data. The subjects were examined for the presence of tooth decay using the DMFT Index. One examiner was trained and standardized using a Kappa test (K=0.90). To test the differences in the DMF-T index related to socioeconomic variables, the Chi-square and the Mann-Whitney tests were employed. For all tests, the level of significance was set at p≤0.05 with 95% Confidence level. Results: The magnitude of tooth decay among study participants was 57.8%. The mean decayed, missed and filled was 1.26 and prevalence was higher in males (34.1%). Poor oral hygiene practice was strongly associated factor with tooth decay. 56.2% of visitors from the urban area were mainly affected by tooth decay. Conclusion: Tooth decay is highly prevalent among visitors between15-20 years of age. Tooth brushing habit, residency, and consumption of sugary food and drinks were significantly associated with the occurrence of tooth decay. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment can prevent further damage.
doi:10.1590/pboci.2020.053 fatcat:zob45zg7ejdg3kjxinywz67ar4