Risk Factors of Stunting in Children Aged 6–59 Months: A Case-Control Study in Horticulture Area

Prayudhy Yushananta, Mei Ahyanti, Yetti Anggraini
2022 Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences  
BACKGROUND: Stunting is a critical public health problem in Indonesia because it affects cognitive and physical development and contributes to child mortality. AIM: This study aims to identify risk factors for stunting in children aged 6–59 in the horticultural area. METHODS: A casecontrol study was conducted to compare previous exposure between stunted children and non-stunted children. Measurements and interviews were conducted with 160 participants (120 controls and 40 cases), including
more » ... rs or caregivers. SPSS was used for χ2 statistical analysis, multiple logistic regression, and odds ratios. RESULTS: The study identified four risk factors for stunting: children who were born short (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 17.57; 95% confident interval [CI]: 5.02–61.51), LBW (AOR = 4.35; 95% CI: 1.38–13.78), and got a low protein intake (AOR = 4.96; 95% CI: 1.22–20.26). Significantly, a relationship between stunting and access to sanitation was also found (AOR = 6.06; 95% CI: 1.25–29.35). CONCLUSIONS: The risk factors for stunting in children aged 6–59 are related to nutrition during pregnancy and the child's quality of food. Nutrition interventions should emphasize improving the nutritional status of pregnant women and children and women empowering to affect access to resources and allocations for children's nutrition.
doi:10.3889/oamjms.2022.7768 fatcat:mkkhlputnjff5ggytkmirsqxdi