Keanekaragaman Spesies Nyamuk di Wilayah Endemis Filariasis di Kabupaten Banyuasin dan Endemis Malaria di Oku Selatan Species Diversity of Mosquito in Endemic Area of Lymphatic Filariasis in Banyuasin and Malaria Oku Selatan District

Hotnida Sitorus, Anif Santoso, Lasbudi Budiyanto, Nungki Ambarita, Yulian Hapsari, Loka Taviv, Pengendalian Litbang, Bersumber Penyakit, Baturaja Binatang, A Jl, Km Yani, Baturaja-Sumatera Kemelak (+1 others)
unpublished
ABSTRAK Penyakit menular khususnya penyakit tular nyamuk (mosquito-borne disease) di Indonesia masih menjadi beban kesehatan masyarakat seperti malaria dan filariasis. Propinsi Sumatera Selatan memiliki daerah endemis penyakit tular vektor seperti Kabupaten Banyuasin (endemis filariasis) dan Kabupaten OKU Selatan (endemis malaria). Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui keanekaragaman nyamuk di daerah endemis filariasis dan malaria. Sampel nyamuk menggunakan metode umpan orang dan menggunakan
more » ... an menggunakan perangkap lampu (light trap) selama 12 jam penangkapan (18.00-06.00 WIB). Lokasi penangkapan nyamuk dilakukan di tiga rumah penduduk yang masing-masing dilakukan oleh 2 orang penangkap. Hasil penangkapan nyamuk dengan metode umpan orang di Desa Karang Anyar (endemis filariasis) diperoleh tiga genus yaitu Mansonia (empat spesies), Culex (delapan spesies) dan Aedes (dua spesies) sedangkan genus yang tertangkap dengan perangkap lampu terdiri dari genus Mansonia (dua spesies) dan Culex (satu spesies). Di wilayah ini spesies yang dominan tertangkap adalah Mansonia dives/bonneae (37,4%). Hasil penangkapan nyamuk metode umpan orang di Desa Kota Padang (endemis malaria) diperoleh empat genus yaitu Anopheles (dua spesies), Armigeres (satu spesies), Aedes (satu spesies) dan Culex. Hasil penangkapan dengan perangkap lampu diperoleh genus Anopheles dan Culex. ABSTRACT Infectious diseases particularly mosquito-borne diseases in Indonesia still become public health concern such as malaria and lymphatic filariasis. This research aims to identify mosquito species diversity in area endemic for lymphatic filariasis and malaria. Mosquito collection was conducted by human landing collection (HLC) and light trap methods for 12 hours (18.00-06.00 WIB) in three houses. In each house collection was carried out by two mosquito collectors. Three genus of mosquitoes were collected by HLC methods from Karang Anyar village (endemic for lymphatic filariasis), i.e. Mansonia (four species), Culex (eight species), and Aedes (two species). There were two genus collected from light trap, i.e. Mansonia (two species) and Culex (one species). The most abundant species collected in Karang Anyar village was Mansonia dives/bonneae (37,4%). In Desa Kota Padang (endemic for malaria), there were four genus collected by HLC methods, i.e. Anopheles (two species), Armigeres (one species), Aedes (one species) and Culex. Collection by light trap show two genus collected, i.e. Anopheles (three species) and Culex.
fatcat:j3rrhhdf6fb6lgrxtifrckjdze