Stem cell therapy for treating osteonecrosis of the femoral head: From clinical applications to related basic research

Rui Li, Qiu-Xia Lin, Xue-Zhen Liang, Guang-Bo Liu, He Tang, Yu Wang, Shi-Bi Lu, Jiang Peng
2018 Stem Cell Research & Therapy  
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a refractory disease that is associated with collapse of the femoral head, with a risk of hip arthroplasty in younger populations. Thus, there has been an increased focus on early interventions for ONFH that aim to preserve the native articulation. Stem cell therapy is a promising treatment, and an increasing number of recent studies have focused on this topic. Many clinical studies have reported positive outcomes of stem cell therapy for the
more » ... py for the treatment of ONFH. To improve the therapeutic effects of this approach, many related basic research studies have also been performed. However, some issues must be further explored, such as the appropriate patient selection procedure, the optimal stem cell selection protocol, the ideal injection number, and the safety of stem cell therapy. The purpose of this review is to summarize the available clinical studies and basic research related to stem cell therapy for ONFH.
doi:10.1186/s13287-018-1018-7 fatcat:no2sqrjkqve4bms3e53bxmkgkq