Tanongsak Panyawirunroj
2018 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Global Open  
lifting of the edge of the lower eyelid on all along. Production of such spacers is usually done on manufacturing sites, but also it can be manufactured in a clinic space. RESULTS: The application of the proposed method is quite effective: the edge of the lower eyelid strengthens, rises cranially to the required level, its sagging and scleral lumen is eliminated. CONCLUSION: The 2-year experience of using of the bridge-like thread spacers in 22 patients showed that this technique is quite
more » ... ique is quite effective to obtain desired aesthetic and therapeutic results. In some cases, it can quite effectively replace the classical methods. GOALS/PURPOSE: Rhinoplasty relies on clear patient communication and precise execution of a three-dimensional (3D) plan to achieve optimal results. 1 3D printing is becoming more popularized in the medical field as an aid to technical planning, patient communication, and the performance of this challenging operation. 2,3 The current price of an individual set of commercial 3D-printed guides or models may reach upwards of several thousand dollars and is often prohibitive to the patient. We have developed an affordable, reproducible protocol for rapid in-house virtual surgical planning and subsequent manufacture of 3D-printed rhinoplasty models using departmentally available resources.
doi:10.1097/01.gox.0000546935.88219.e6 fatcat:adhuacdizjfmniyuo2hpicyqja