Comparison of Enoximone, Amrinone, or Levosimendan Enriched St. Thomas' Hospital Cardioplegic Solutions Used for Myocardial Preservation in Isolated Guinea Pig Hearts
Myocardial contractile function after cardioplegic arrest is often depressed and an ideal cardioplegic solution has not been developed yet. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of phosphodiesterase III inhibitors, amrinone and enoximone, and levosimendan, a novel Ca2+ sensitizing agent, on recovery of hearts after normothermic cardioplegic arrest when added to the St. Thomas' hospital cardioplegic solution. In the control group, isolated guinea pig hearts were perfused in
... fused in Langendorff apparatus and arrested with standard St. Thomas' solution. In other groups, amrinone (10-5 mol.L-1), levosimendan (10-5 mol.L-1), or enoximone (10-4 mol.L-1) were added to the cardioplegic solution. In all hearts, intraventricular pressure, +dp/dtmax, -dp/dtmax, area under pressure-time curve, heart rate, coronary flow, lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase enzyme leakage, and oxygen consumption were measured. In the enoximone group, contractility force and +dp/dtmax, were found to be significantly high in the reperfusion and inotropic periods in comparison with other groups (p<0.05). -dp/dtmax and area under contractility-time curve values were significantly high in inotropic period in enoximone group (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was noted in other groups. Cardioplegic solution enrichment with enoximone augmented mechanic functions in reperfusion period. No positive effect of amrinone or levosimendan was observed in this study.