F0 Prenatal/Lactation Diets Varying in Saturated Fat and Long-Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Alters the Insulin Sensitivity of F1 Rats Fed a High Fat Western Diet Post-weaning

Daniel C. Benyshek, Julie J. Kachinski, Hongbin Jin
2014 Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases  
Previous research has shown that prenatal diets rich in specific nutrients (e.g. taurine, omega-3 fatty acids) may provide protective cardiometabolic effects for adult offspring. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the potential of a prenatal-lactation diet rich in omega-3 longchain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 LC PUFAs) to improve metabolic function in offspring fed a high saturated fat "Western" diet postweaning. We compared growth and metabolic biomarkers of three
more » ... arkers of three groups of Sprague Dawley rat offspring all weaned to a high saturated fat "Western" (Western) diet, but whose mothers were fed one of three different diets during pregnancy-lactation: 1) omega-3 "PUFA"-rich (PUFA/Western); 2) control (Control/Western); and 3) high saturated fat "Western" (Western/Western). PUFA/Western offspring had significantly lower fasting insulin (P < 0.01) and HOMA-IR (P < 0.01), and lower mean plasma triglycerides than Western/ Western animals. Additionally, mean HOMA-IR, fasting plasma insulin, and triglycerides were 19%, 10% and 14% lower, respectively, than those of Control/Western animals, although these differences were not statistically significant. Western/Western adult offspring had the highest fasting plasma insulin, triglycerides, and insulin-resistance (HOMA-IR) of the three groups. Our results indicated that a maternal omega-3 PUFA-rich diet during pregnancy-lactation may provide modest protective metabolic effects for adult offspring, even when consuming a high energy and saturated fat diet.
doi:10.4236/ojemd.2014.412025 fatcat:r37oucbsejh6rbauefhj2335je