Serological and Virological Surveys of Reticuloendotheliosis in Chickens in Taiwan

Wan-Hsin CHENG, Yuan-Pin HUANG, Ching-Ho WANG
2006 Journal of Veterinary Medical Science  
Reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) is widespread in the world. No related data has been reported in Taiwan. To determine the REV infection status, antibody determination and virus isolation were performed on chickens in Taiwan. The results revealed that serological flock prevalence for the REV antibody reached 92.8% (39/42) amongst breeders (> 16 weeks old). Two different REV isolates were identified by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, electron microscopic, immunofluorescent, and
more » ... unofluorescent, and western blot assays after isolation. One of these viruses was isolated from a broiler breeder farm and the other was isolated from a Taiwan Country Chicken farm. Despite their different origins, the percent identity of the nucleotide sequences of the env gene of these two isolates was 99.7%. These two strains were similar to the FPV-UI-REV strain, featuring 99.7% and 99.8% percent identity. Indeed, REV infection would appear to be quite common amongst chickens. KEY WORDS: reticuloendotheliosis virus, serology, virus isolation.
doi:10.1292/jvms.68.1315 pmid:17213700 fatcat:2ooicmeoereydoi2f2aac4p6fq