Motivation of adult female patients seeking orthodontic treatment: an application of Q-methodology

Feiou Lin, Xia Tang, Jiaxin Cai, Beibei Lin, Linjie Yao
2015 Patient Preference and Adherence  
Motivation is the impetus for patients to seek orthodontic treatment, affecting adherence, treatment outcomes, and satisfaction. The aim of this study was to assess the motivation of adult female patients seeking orthodontic treatment, and classify the patients according to their motivations. Methods: This study used Q-methodology as the main tool. Q-samples were collected and categorized (35 items). Forty-two adult female patients were interviewed before treatment as the P-sample, and their
more » ... ponses were categorized into the Q-methodology grid. Participants were asked to rank-order a set of 35 statements (Q-sample) from "agree most" to "disagree most" (Q-sorting). The finished Q-grids were analyzed using PQ method 2.35. Results: Four main factors were identified based on how adult female patients ranked statements: factor 1, patients who focus on their self-perception of their appearance; factor 2, patients who are concerned about the esthetics and function of their teeth; factor 3, patients who are easily influenced by others; factor 4, patients who want to improve their confidence and avoid negative thoughts caused by their teeth. The remaining patients who had other views did not match any of the above four groups. Conclusion: The motivations of adult female patients seeking orthodontic treatment are complex. This study found that most adult female patients fell into one of four typical factor groups. Our findings may improve the adherence of adult female patients by developing a more ideal treatment program.
doi:10.2147/ppa.s78691 pmid:25709410 pmcid:PMC4332290 fatcat:ru2djrmpana2bnz3ufnhhzupvm