Self-Adaptive Approximate Mobile Deep Learning

Timotej Knez, Octavian Machidon, Veljko Pejović
<span title="2021-11-28">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Electronics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Edge intelligence is currently facing several important challenges hindering its performance, with the major drawback being meeting the high resource requirements of deep learning by the resource-constrained edge computing devices. The most recent adaptive neural network compression techniques demonstrated, in theory, the potential to facilitate the flexible deployment of deep learning models in real-world applications. However, their actual suitability and performance in ubiquitous or edge
more &raquo; ... uting applications has not, to this date, been evaluated. In this context, our work aims to bridge the gap between the theoretical resource savings promised by such approaches and the requirements of a real-world mobile application by introducing algorithms that dynamically guide the compression rate of a neural network according to the continuously changing context in which the mobile computation is taking place. Through an in-depth trace-based investigation, we confirm the feasibility of our adaptation algorithms in offering a scalable trade-off between the inference accuracy and resource usage. We then implement our approach on real-world edge devices and, through a human activity recognition application, confirm that it offers efficient neural network compression adaptation in highly dynamic environments. The results of our experiment with 21 participants show that, compared to using static network compression, our approach uses 2.18× less energy with only a 1.5% drop in the average accuracy of the classification.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3390/electronics10232958</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:mk4w2tbyirh7ta5iips3w5c5pm</a> </span>
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