GENETIC DISSIMILARITY FOR RESISTANCE TO FOLIAR DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH THE AGRONOMIC POTENTIAL IN MAIZE
In the present study the objective was to evaluate the genetic diversity among families of maize siblings for resistance to foliar diseases associated with their agronomic potential, identifying groups of families that can be used as sources of resistance in maize crop. The experiments were conducted in the experimental area of the Federal University of Goiás at the Jataí Regional Unit, in Jataí, GO, Brazil, constituted by 182 half-sibling families of maize and two commercial hybrids as a
... hybrids as a control. The 182 half-sibling families were divided into three experiments with 60, 60 and 62 families, respectively. The experimental design used was randomized blocks, with three replicates. Eight quantitative characters and 4 foliar diseases were evaluated. The multivariate analysis technique was used to measure the genetic divergence for the four foliar diseases represented by the generalized Mahalanobis distance. Based on the genetic dissimilarity matrix, the dendrogram was constructed using the clustering method of the average distance between groups (Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic Mean - UPGMA). After defining the groups, univariate analysis of variance was performed in order to evaluate the effects of the groups on each character studied. Comparisons were made between the means of the groups, using the Tukey test (p <0.05). White spot (32.53%) was the disease that most contributed to the total divergence between families. Group 10 stood out among the others as a source of resistance to the disease complex associated with yield. The genetic variability of families for foliar disease complex reveals potential for future studies facing pyramiding genes.