Community Based Essential Newborn Care Practices and Associated Factors among Women Who Gave Birth at Home in Last Twelve Months in Amaro Woreda, Southern Ethiopia, 2019
Introduction:-Significant numbers of women are giving birth at home; in this case community based newborn care is a means of bringing life-saving care to mothers and newborns at the community level. However, practice is challenging within the Ethiopian health system. Objective:-The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of community based newborn care practices and its associated factors among women who gave birth at home in Amaro Woreda, southern Ethiopia, 2019. Methods:-Across-sectional
... -Across-sectional study was conducted on 490 women in the reproductive age groups of 15-49 in Amaro district and by using simple random sampling technique individual was recruited. Data collected through face-to-face interview at household level. EpiData version 3.1 statistical software was used for entry and SPSS version 20 for was used for data cleaning, management and analysis. Bi-variate and multivariate logistic regression analysis employed for analysis of factors associated with Community based newborn care practices. Results:-A total 490 of study participants were included in the analysis and only 29% practiced community based essential newborn care. Educational status of father AOR=2.28; 95%CI:1.07-4.84 & mother AOR=0.35; 95%CI: 0.16-0.75, last delivery assisted by relative/friends AOR=3.58; 95%CI: 1.66-7.73, having awareness about Community based newborn care AOR=3.49; 95%CI: 2.11-5.77, awareness about newborn danger sign AOR=2.18; 95%CI: 1.29-3.68 and having birth preparedness and complication readiness plan AOR=3.52; 95%CI: 1.97-6.29 were an identified independent factors associated with Community based newborn care Practice. Conclusion and recommendation:-Around three-fourth (71%) of mothers were not practicing Community based newborn care. Educational status of family, awareness about community based newborn care and newborn danger sign, last delivery assisted by relative or friends at home, and having birth preparedness and complication readiness plan were identified as independent factors for community based newborn care practice. Promotion of information at community level, women empowerment and health extension program strengthening are recommending.