A Novel Byte-Substitution Architecture for the AES Cryptosystem

Fakir Sharif Hossain, Md. Liakot Ali, Ian McLoughlin
2015 PLoS ONE  
The performance of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) mainly depends on speed, area and power. The S-box represents an important factor that affects the performance of AES on each of these factors. A number of techniques have been presented in the literature, which have attempted to improve the performance of the S-box byte-substitution. This paper proposes a new S-box architecture, defining it as ultra low power, robustly parallel and highly efficient in terms of area. The architecture is
more » ... ssed for both CMOS and FPGA platforms, and the pipelined architecture of the proposed S-box is presented for further time savings and higher throughput along with higher hardware resources utilization. A performance analysis and comparison of the proposed architecture is also conducted with those achieved by the existing techniques. The results of the comparison verify the outperformance of the proposed architecture in terms of power, delay and size.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138457 pmid:26491967 pmcid:PMC4619588 fatcat:meb4skql7rewrbgfifsn3sujei