Exposure-based Weighted Dynamic Histogram Equalization for Image Contrast Enhancement
International Journal of Automation and Smart Technology
Global histogram equalization (GHE)  is a common method used for improving image contrast. However, this technique tends to introduce unnecessary visual artifacts and cannot preserve overall brightness. Many studies have attempted to overcome these problems using partitioned-histogram (i.e., sub-histogram) equalization. An input image is first divided into sub-images. Individual histograms of the sub-images are then equalized independently, and all of the sub-images are ultimately integrated
... timately integrated into one complete image. For example, exposure-based sub-image histogram equalization (ESIHE)  uses an exposure-related threshold to divide the original image into different intensity ranges (horizontal partitioning) and also uses the mean brightness as a threshold to clip the histogram (vertical partitioning). This paper presents a novel method, called exposure-based weighted dynamic histogram equalization (EWDHE), which is an extension of ESIHE, is proposed. This study makes three major contributions to the literature. First, an Otsubased approach and a clustering performance measure are integrated to determine the optimal number of subhistograms and the separating points. Second, an exposure-related parameter is used to automatically adapt the contrast limitation to avoid over-enhancement in some portions of the image. Third, a new weighted scale factor is proposed to resize the sub-histograms, which accounts for the sub-histogram ranges and individual pixel numbers of these ranges. Simulation results indicated that the proposed method outperformed state-of-the-art approaches in terms of contrast enhancement, brightness preservation, and entropy preservation.