Simvastatin represses translocation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa across Madin-Darby canine kidney cell monolayers

Hirofumi Shibata, Noriko Nishitani, Sayuri Yaohara, Naokatu Arakaki, Tomihiko Higuti, Kazuyoshi Kawazoe, Kazuo Minakuchi
2012 Journal of Medical Investigation  
Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes both invasive (bacteremic) and chronic noninvasive infections. An increase in intestinal epithelial permeability is a characteristic of severe sepsis. Alterations in the normal barrier function of the gut mucosa may result in the translocation of microbial cells and products. On the otherhand, it has been demonstrated that statin use is associated with a lower risk of mortality from bloodstream infections. Therefore, we investigated the ability of P. aeruginosa
more » ... f P. aeruginosa PAO1 to translocate across the Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell monolayers in the presence and absence of simvastatin. The bacteria readily translocated across MDCK cell monolayers after 3 h of infection irrespective of the presence or absence of the drug in the medium. However, the bacteria were less able to penetrate the MDCK monolayers in the presence of simvastatin than in its absence. A gentamicin survival assay demonstrated that simvastatin did not affect the bacteria's invasive behavior in the MDCK cells.
doi:10.2152/jmi.59.186 pmid:22450007 fatcat:syfsi3f4lfelnplsht73pcc2vm