Anatomía del desarrollo de la semilla de Hippocratea celastroides

Guadalupe Espinosa-Osornio, E. Mark Engleman
2017 Botan‪ical Sciences  
Embryological studies of Hippocratea are restricted to few species, and they show similarity between Hippocratea and Celastraceae. Nevertheless, differences based on H. grahamii have originate controversy on the taxonomic position of the genus. We have examined the seed development of H. celastroides H.B.K, by ligth microscopy. This specie has anatropous and bitegmic ovules. At anthesis, the micropyle is formed only by the inner integument. In the endotegmen and exotesta there are tannin
more » ... s beginning in early stages. After fertilization, the outer integument increases abundantly, it alone forms the wing. The endosperm development is of the nuclear type. After syngamy the zygote rests for 3 months before dividing. The mesoteste develops aerenquima, which differentiates gradually into tracheoidal cells. One layer of endosperm remains at madurity. The cotyledons are connate and rotate 90°. On the basis of these results, we consider that Hippocratea belongs the Celastraceae.
doi:10.17129/botsci.1415 fatcat:glpcktmveva57pezt3adjbc6pa