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Abslrmt: We review updated understandings of the electronic and atomic structures, relaxation dynamics and spin-multiplicity of self-trapped excitons (STEs) in alkali halide crystals, on the bases of recent experimental results of the STE luminescence. It is pointed out that seemingly complicated diversity in the features of STE luminescence and F-H pair formation can be explained from an unified viewpoint. That is, depending upon the kinds of crystals there can arise the "adiabaticdoi:10.1351/pac199769061227 fatcat:p3h2ajinsjauhizvh6ayqethsa