Sociedade, democracia e escola: limites e possibilidades do ideal democrático da educação na Rede Pública Municipal de Ensino de Uberlândia-MG [thesis]

Lyvia Fernanda Leal
que, com muito carinho e apoio, não mediram esforços na minha formação e no meu desenvolvimento como ser humano! Graças a vocês em minha vida, vários dos meus sonhos e objetivos se concretizaram durante todos esses anos que convivemos juntos. Família é a base de tudo! Agradeço meu companheiro, Hércules Antônio, pelo amor, paciência e incentivos incansáveis nos momentos mais difíceis vividos durante a realização desta pesquisa. Agradeço aos meus amigos (as), Maria Helena Candelori, Gilson
more » ... , Petuccia Brunelli, Alessandra Raimundo, Marco Borba e Alexandre Fonseca por todo apoio e incentivo. A todos vocês a minha eterna gratidão! Agradeço aos colegas de curso e aos professores do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação -Faced/UFU com quem convivi nesse espaço de tempo. Levarei desta experiência o melhor de cada um e espero ter deixado um pouco de mim na comunhão com todos; Agradeço aos professores presentes nas bancas examinadoras de qualificação e de defesa pelo aceite e compartilhamento do conhecimento. Agradeço especialmente ao meu orientador Dr. Gabriel Humberto Muñoz Palafox, cujo apoio na realização desta pesquisa foi indiscutível em termos de profissionalismo, paciência com os meus erros e desprendimento em me ajudar no período mais difícil de minha vida; Enfim, agradeço a todos que, de alguma forma tornaram esse sonho possível! ABSTRACT The present research had as purpose to make a critical reflection on the democratic management in the schools, taking as an example the Municipal Public School of Education of the Municipality of Uberlândia (RPME / UDI). Thus, the general objective of the research was to give a succinct description of the main foundations, contradictions, limits and possibilities of realization of democracy throughout its existence as a social practice as a form of government, its relation with formal education from the constitution of bourgeois society, and its historical-political repercussions in the context of the Public Education Network of the Municipality of Uberlândia throughout the 21st century. As to the specific objectives, we sought to historicize democracy from its origins to the present day, in order to identify the main characteristics that contribute, among other aspects, to an understanding of its various meanings / meanings in contemporary times; characterize the different forms of government instituted in the middle and modern ages and their reflections in the field of education and struggles for democracy; to critically analyze the structure and functioning of education in the context of bourgeois democracy; to identify and analyze the limits and historical possibilities of the realization of the democratic school within the scope of the RPME / UDI, starting from a process of bibliographical compilation of the scientific productions of the area. The methodological procedure used for the faithful fulfillment of the proposed objectives was the bibliographical research, which consisted in the collection, compilation, interpretation and analysis of books, master's and doctoral dissertations and articles published in specialized journals of education related to the theme of this research. The method of approach was quantitative, due to the social nature of the work. The bibliographical research was divided in two stages, the first one encompassing the works that generally discuss the term democracy, its origin and evolution throughout the history of humanity and its applicability in education. The second stage consisted of an analysis of democratic management in the Municipal Public School of Education of the Municipality of Uberlândia (RPME / UDI), which covered the period from 2000 to the present day, in order to follow if in fact actions were taken in this direction municipal governments of the said Municipality. It was concluded from the material researched that in fact an attempt was made to implement democratic management in the RPME / UDI, through the creation of the Citizen School Program that covered the period from
doi:10.14393/ufu.di.2019.629 fatcat:grgonbhtqfaqfioxlvkc35zcya