Professional training of doctors: opinions of experts on problems of the educational process. (Part 1)

Olga Aleksandrova, Aziza Yarasheva, Yulia Nenakhova
Among the key goals of the National Project "Healthcare" is provision of State (municipal) medical organizations with qualified medical personnel. Achievement of this goal largely depends on the quality of medical personnel training. At the same time, noticeable changes have been taking place in the medical education system in recent years: they concern regulatory and legal framework of medical and educational activities, technical equipment and conditions of economic activity of universities,
more » ... y of universities, etc. The changing socio-economic context has an impact on both university applicants, their motivation, and those who train future doctors. The article presents an analysis of the results of the study "Development of the human resources potential of the Moscow healthcare" carried out in 2019 under the auspices of the Moscow Healthcare Department, which addressed both the quantitative aspects of the staffing of medical organizations subordinated to the city, and the quality of medical personnel issues concerning professional training. Information on the quality of graduates from medical universities and the factors determining it was obtained through a series of in-depth structured interviews with experts, who were representatives of the capital's medical universities and chief doctors of medical institutions. In the course of the survey, experts expressed their opinion about all factors affecting the quality of medical education: the level of training and motivation of applicants; characteristics of the teaching staff; organization of the educational process, etc. Analysis of the expert opinions testifies to ambiguity of the situation in medical education. The positive aspects include the growing interest in obtaining the profession of a doctor and the demand for knowledge, as well as some improvement in the remuneration of university workers, which has a positive effect on the filling of pedagogical vacancies and the social well-being of teachers. At the same time, practically in each of the components of the quality of medical specialists training — in methodological support, technical equipment, the possibility of obtaining practical skills by future doctors — there have been found problems that require solution.
doi:10.19181/population.2020.23.4.9 fatcat:qhcq5tyqmbb45lk5uelczhh2mm