Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatry Disorder Associated with Group a Streptococcal Infection: The Role of Surgical Treatment

P. Pavone, V. Rapisarda, A. Serra, F. Nicita, A. Spalice, E. Parano, R. Rizzo, L. Maiolino, P. Di Mauro, G. Vitaliti, A. Coco, R. Falsaperla (+2 others)
2014 International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology  
Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcus (PANDAS) is a well-defined syndrome in which tics (motor and/or vocal) and/or obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD) consistently exacerbate in temporal correlation to a Group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal infection. In children with PANDAS, there is speculation about whether tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy might improve the neuropsychiatric course. Our objective was to examine whether such surgery impacted
more » ... ery impacted remission or, in patients without remission, modified clinical course of the disease, streptococcal antibody titers, neuronal antibodies or clinical severity of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and/or tics. Study participants (n = 120) with positive PANDAS criteria were recruited, examined, and divided into surgical or non-surgery groups. The surgical group consisted of children with tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy (n=56). The remaining children were categorized as non-surgery (n=64). Clinical follow-up was made every 2 months for more than 2 years. Surgery did not affect symptomatology progression, streptococcal and neuronal antibodies, or the clinical severity of neuropsychiatric symptoms in these children. In conclusion, in our series clinical progression, antibody production, and neuropsychiatric symptom severity did not differ on the basis of surgical status. We cannot uphold surgical management as likely to impact positive remission rates, course of OCD/tics, or antibody concentrations in children with PANDAS.
doi:10.1177/039463201402700307 pmid:25280028 fatcat:4nes4vthtbcyjgejdda2waq2am