Sensitivity of Atmospheric Motion Vectors Height Assignment Methods to Semitransparent Cloud Properties Using SimulatedMeteosat-8Radiances
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
This paper presents the sensitivity to various atmospheric parameters of two height assignment methods that aim to retrieve the cloud-top height of semitransparent clouds. The use of simulated Meteosat-8 radiances has the advantage that the pressure retrieved by a given method can be compared to the initial pressure set to the cloud in the model, which is exactly known. The methods retrieve the pressure of a perfectly opaque cloud to within a few hectopascals. However, considering more
... ering more realistic ice clouds, methods are sensitive to all of the tested atmospheric parameters and, especially, to the cloud microphysics, which can bias the results of the CO 2 -slicing method by several tens of hectopascals. The cloud-top pressure retrieval is especially difficult for thinner clouds with optical thicknesses smaller than 2, for which the errors can reach several tens of hectopascals. The methods have also been tested after introducing realistic perturbations in the temperature and humidity profiles and on the clear-sky surface radiances. The corresponding averages of errors on the retrieved pressures are also very large, especially for thin clouds. In multilayer cloud situations the height assignment methods do not work properly, placing the cloud-top height somewhere between the two cloud layers for most cirrus cloud layers with optical thicknesses between 0.1 and 10.