Review: The Sounds of the French Language: Their Formation, Combination and Representation [review-book]

T. Atkinson Jenkins
1908 The School Review  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. BOOK REVIEWS BOOK REVIEWS logical survey of changes. The final chapter deals with consonant changes, the loss and intrusion, the voicing of consonants, and palatalization. The book is neatly printed in type of good size and is provided with a full index. It is only just to say that this booklet furnishes the best existing introduction to the subject of which it treats. There has been much need of a simple statement of the ascertained facts concerning regular changes in English speech during the last thousand years. The writer has been particularly careful to give, so far as can now be done, the chronology of these changes. Scholars have long been interested in the subject. In 1869 A. J. Ellis published Part I and Part II of his work on Early English Pronunciation with Especial Reference to Shakspere and Chaucer; in 1871 Part III; in 1873 Part IV; in 1889, Part V ,("The Existing Phonology of English Dialects"). Incited by this work Henry Sweet wrote an essay for the Philological Society of London (Transactions, 1873-74), which he afterward expanded into A History of English Sounds (1888). Both this work and that of Ellis contain useful word-lists. In I892 Sweet published A New English Grammar, Logical and Historical, Part I, afterward condensing the historical part into A Short Historical Grammar (I892). Meanwhile on the continent there was increasing activity. Men like Maetzner, Koch, Sievers, ten Brink, Kluge, Cosijn, Jespersen, Luick, and others, were making large contributions to the history of English phonology and inflection, while a host of dissertations on special points of grammar came from the German universities and, more recently, from those of England and America. The time has now come when some of the results of this study should be easily accessible to teachers and others, interested in English speech. To them Professor Hart's book will prove a convenient and trustworthy guide in its own direction. The book presupposes an elementary knowledge of Old English (Anglo-Saxon) and some acquaintance with Middle English texts. And so much preparation the teacher of English today ought to have gained. EDWARD M. BROWN ANN ARBOR, MICH. The Sounds of the French Language: Their Formation, Combination and
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