Heat transfer and flow structure through a backward-and forward-facing step micro-channels equipped with obstacles

Hassnia Hajji, Lioua Kolsi, Faouzi Askri, Chemseddine Maatki, Walid Hassen, Mohamed Borjini
2020 Thermal Science  
This study presents two-dimensional simulations of a flow-through a sudden expansion/contraction micro -channel with the existence of obstacles. The bottom wall is maintained at constant flux, while the other walls are adiabatic. Rectangular adiabatic obstacles are mounted before the expansion region on the upper and lower wall of the channel used. The finite element method was used to discretize the equations that govern the physical model. Results indicate the apparition of a separate vortex,
more » ... a separate vortex, situated in the corner after the sudden expansion of the microchannel for low Reynolds numbers. For higher values and expansion ratios, the vortex separation length increases. The obtained results show that the obstacles have a considerable effect on the dynamics of the flow and enhancement of heat transfer.
doi:10.2298/tsci200215219h fatcat:3e55ckwj6rgmlc6n7fcoufnwg4