Clinical characteristics and online mental health care of asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with coronavirus disease 2019

Su Jin Jeong, Won Suk Chung, Yujin Sohn, Jong Hoon Hyun, Yae Jee Baek, Yunsuk Cho, Jung Ho Kim, Jin Young Ahn, Jun Yong Choi, Joon-Sup Yeom, Flávia L. Osório
2020 PLoS ONE  
Comparing to data in patients with severe coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19), there are few studies on the prevalence anxiety and/or depression in patients with asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic COVID-19. We investigated the clinical characteristics and the prevalence of anxiety and/or depression among asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with COVID-19 and monitored their mental health using an online assessment. An online survey for monitoring and assessing the mental health of
more » ... tal health of patients with COVID-19 using a mobile phone was conducted. We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale to measure anxiety and/or depression levels. Of the 234 patients, 66 patients were asymptomatic (28.2%), while the remaining 168 patients were mildly symptomatic. The prevalence of anosmia (p = 0.001) and ageusia (p = 0.008) significantly decreased with the increasing age. In addition, 19.8% and 14.0% patients had anxiety and/or depression in the first survey, and one week after the first survey, respectively. Compared to patients without anxiety and/or depression, those with anxiety and/or depression had a longer quarantine duration. We found that anomia and ageusia were relatively common in the young age group. Furthermore, one-fifth asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with COVID-19 had anxiety and/or depression.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0242130 pmid:33226989 fatcat:i3ppp74ombei7i7rj6eglmavs4