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Planning and property are essential pillars of any city. No municipal or metropolitan can ignore this relation: for them, planning is more than a powerful instrument, but also an essential part of the city management. For example, the city of Jakarta is infamous for its complete lack of planning since the independence of Indonesia, and is now an absolute nightmare to govern, suffering from endemic urban sprawl and severe traffic congestion, which paralyses the city five hours a day. Planning isdoi:10.6084/m9.figshare.4565089.v1 fatcat:aosyneuo5na4noqxr422ecjswi