Bacteriological quality and antibiogram study of bacteria from "suya" and smoked fish (Clarias gariepinus) in Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State, Nigeria
The Pan African Medical Journal
"suya" and smoked fish are cherished food delicacies in Nigeria, but can be a source of dissemination of Multi-drug Resistant (MDR) bacteria. Moreover, there are limited studies on these MDR bacteria from Dutsin-Ma. Therefore, this study examined the bacteriological qualities and antibiogram profiles of bacteria in these foods from this area in Nigeria. Methods: twenty samples of each of "suya" and smoked fish were collected from the study areas and microbiologically analyzed. Total viable
... . Total viable count, coliform count, characterization and identification of bacteria were carried out by standard microbiological techniques. Results: findings revealed that "suya" samples possessed the highest total viable bacteria count (3.4×10 5 to 7.7×10 5 cfu/g) and coliform count (2.1×10 5 to 6.2×10 5 cfu/g). A total of 85 and 78 bacteria were isolated from "suya" and smoked fish samples respectively. E. coli (24.7% and 24.4%) was the most frequently isolated from each sample respectively. Highest (66.7%) resistance to each of cefuroxime, gentamicin, amoxillin/clavulanate and ciprofloxacin were observed among E. coli from "suya". MDR phenotypes commonly isolated was resistance to ceftazidime, cefuroxime, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, augmentin and nitrofurantoin. Conclusion: these studies showed the presence of MDR bacteria in samples, hence, raise the need for improved production hygiene and public health awareness.