Spatial variability in soybean associated with soil fertility variations in a no-tillage system

Michel Esper Neto, Evandro Antonio Minato, Anderson Takashi Hara, Silas Maciel de Oliveira, Edner Betioli Junior, Antonio Carlos Andrade Gonçalves, Tadeu Takeyoshi Inoue, Marcelo Augusto Batista
2020 Australian Journal of Crop Science  
Understanding the spatial variability of soil fertility is necessary for preventing nutrient losses or excessive agricultural inputs. The aim of this research was to evaluate the spatial variability of the chemical characteristics of a Typic Hapludox cultivated with soybean for 110 days at different depths and the impacts of these characteristics on crop yield. Soil samples were collected at a total of 80 points in an area of 5000 m2 . The contents of P, Ca, Mg, S, Cu, Fe, Zn and Mn were
more » ... d, in addition to pH and H+Al. The data were evaluated through descriptive statistics and geostatistical tools, and kriging maps were made based on semivariogram adjustments. Most of the soil fertility variables showed moderate or strong spatial dependence. The statistical moments obtained for the distributions showed that the symmetry of the distributions allowed the use of geostatistics techniques. In general, the greater the soil depth was, the lower the nutrient levels were. The soybean yield range (29.5 m) was similar to the P range in the 0.0-0.20 m soil layer (29.2 m). P influenced the soybean yield the most, as expressed by the similarity between the two kriging maps. In regions with more phosphorus at deeper soil layers, higher soybean yields were obtained.
doi:10.21475/ajcs.20.14.09.p2551 fatcat:wij57ea43jdq5gjyh6wpiykyeq