Incidental diagnosis and surgery outcomes of thyroid cancer in Ecuador [post]

2019 unpublished
In contrast to the rapid increase in thyroid cancer (TC) incidence, thyroid cancer mortality rates have remained low and stable over the last decades. In Ecuador, however, TC mortality has increased and to determine possible drivers, a retrospective analysis of all patients attending a thyroid cancer referral center in Ecuador was conducted. Methods: From June 2014 to December 2017, a cross-sectional study was conducted at the Hospital de Especialidades Eugenio Espejo (HEEE), a regional
more » ... e public hospital for endocrine neoplasia in adults in Quito, Ecuador. We identified the mechanism of detection, histopathology and treatment modalities from a patient interview and review of clinical records. Results: Among 452 patients, 74.8% were young adults and 94.2% (426) of patients were female. 13.7% had a family history of thyroid cancer, and median of tumor size was 2 cm. The incidental finding was 54.2% whereas 45.8% was non-incidental. Thyroid cancer histology reported that 93.3% had papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), 2.7% follicular, 1.5% Hurtle cells, 1.6% medullary, 0.7% poor differentiated, and 0.2% anaplastic carcinoma. The mean MACIS (metastasis, age, completeness, invasion, and size) score was 4.95 (CI 4.15-5.95) with 76.2% of the thyroid cancer patients having MACIS score equal or less than 6. The very low and low risk of recurrence was 18.1% (79) and 62% (271) respectively. An analysis of 319 patients with non-metastatic thyroid cancer showed that 10.7% (34) of patients had surgical complications. Moreover, around 62.5% (80 from 128 patients with thyroglobulin laboratory results) of TC patients had a stimulated-thyroglobulin (sTg) value equal or higher than 2 ng/ml. Overall, a poor surgical outcome was present in 35.1% (112) patients. Out of 436 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC), 86% (n=375) received radioactive iodine (RAI). Conclusion: Thyroid cancer histological characteristics and method of diagnosis are like the ones described in other reports without any evidence of the high frequency of aggressive
doi:10.21203/rs.2.16716/v1 fatcat:4ppltrhqjbeizm4o5xbhclempu