The Effect of Using Format (4MAT) Model in the Achievement of Biology Subject among Eighth Class Female Pupils
Zanco Journal of Humanity Sciences
This current research aims at identifying "The Effect of Using Format (4MAT) Model in the Achievement of Biology Subject among Eighth Class Female Pupils" the researcher based on the research aims formulated (1) a null hypothesis which are concerned with achievements (There is no a statistically significant difference at the mean level (0.05) between the mean of the experimental and control groups in the achievement test in Biology Subject). The experimental method has been used and selected
... designing the two equal groups that has pre-and post-test, which requires two groups, experimental and control ones among the day basic schools in the center of Erbil province for the academic year (2018-2019), the study sample consisted of (52) students from the school (Sarhaldan Basic School for girls), and was randomly distributed to an experimental group (26) students, and a control group (26) students, and studied the experimental group according to the Format model (4MAT), while the control group was studied according to the normal method. The equivalence of experimental and control groups were confirmed in a number of changes: the student's age counted by month, achievement degrees (biology subject, Science for All), and the average degree for eighth grade students in the basic school (2017-2018), parents' academic achievement, level of intelligence, previous test scores in biology, attitudes towards biology. To achieve the goal of the research, the researcher constructed an achievement test, where the number of paragraphs in the final version reached (38) of the type of (multiple choice), it has been verified the validity of the test, and the coefficient of difficulty and power discrimination of paragraphs and the effectiveness of wrong alternatives. The reliability was checked by using Kuder-Richardson )20( and Cronbach's Alpha equations, reached (0.795) and (0.792), for the test items, the results showed a statistically significant difference at the mean level (0.05) between the mean scores of the experimental and control groups in the achievement test. In this way, the null hypothesis was rejected and the alternative hypothesis was accepted in favour of the experimental group, it was concluded that the use of the Format (4MAT) model in teaching biology for the eighth grade led to positive results in learning the biology content and take the least time in learning compared to the traditional method and by a very large percentage. The variety of classroom activities and educational tasks among eighth female basic class pupils in biology subjects leads to attracting the students' attention and interest to the lesson and improving their achievement in it, and the researcher suggests using the model in teaching and proposes conducting further studies in other subjects to identify the extent of impact on the achievement.