A modified whale optimization algorithm-based adaptive fuzzy logic PID controller for load frequency control of autonomous power generation systems

Raghuraman Sivalingam, Subramani Chinnamuthu, Subhransu Sekhar Dash
2017 Automatika  
An autonomous power generation system (APGS) contains units such as diesel energy generator, solar photovoltaic units, wind turbine generator and fuel cells along with energy-storing units such as the flywheel energy storage system and battery energy storage system. The components either run at lower/higher power output or may turn on/off at different instants of their operation. Due to this, the conventional controllers will not provide desired performance under varied load conditions. This
more » ... conditions. This paper proposes an adaptive fuzzy logic PID (AFPID) controller for load frequency control. In order to achieve an improved performance, a modified whale optimization algorithm (mWOA) was also proposed in this paper for tuning of the AFPID parameters. The proposed algorithm was first evaluated using standard test functions and compared with other recent algorithms to authenticate the competence of algorithm. The proposed mWOA algorithm outperforms PSO, GSA, DE and FEP algorithms in five out of seven unimodal test functions and four out of six multimodal test functions. The effectiveness of the AFPID compared with the conventional PID and the proposed AFPID provides better performance. Reduction of 39.13% in error criteria (objective function) compared with WOA-PID controller. The proposed approach was also compared with some recently proposed frequency control approaches in a widely used two-area test system. ARTICLE HISTORY KEYWORDS Autonomous power generation system; load frequency control (LFC); whale optimization algorithm (WOA); adaptive fuzzy logic PID controller (AFPID) CONTACT Raghuraman Sivalingam
doi:10.1080/00051144.2018.1465688 fatcat:b6bo65shh5fbrbctehy2tththi