Methods to Evaluate Prediction Skill in the Madden-Julian Oscillation Phase Space

2016 Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan  
Indices of prediction skill over the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) phase space are examined with reanalysis and forecast data provided by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). In addition to the bivariate root-meansquare error (RMSE) and the bivariate anomaly correlation coefficient (ACC), the mean-error vector is assessed. Conventionally, the RMSE and ACC have been used, although this approach misses information on the model bias for MJO events. Moreover, the ACC is not suitable for models
more » ... uitable for models in which the MJO signal tends to damp in some phases, because the ACC strongly depends on the MJO amplitude. The mean-error vector compensates for this drawback by associating a model's erroneous mean tendency with the RMSE. For example, the JMA forecast produces a leftward mean error vector field uniformly distributed over the MJO phase space with its amplitude related to the RMSE. The RMSE should be then used with the mean error vector for evaluating the MJO prediction skill.
doi:10.2151/jmsj.2016-014 fatcat:rqv5btz3pjhhjpa64mu775vzhe