Generation of vortices and stabilization of vortex lattices in holographic superfluids

Xin Li, Yu Tian, Hongbao Zhang
2020 Journal of High Energy Physics  
Within the simplest holographic superfluid model and without any ingredient put by hand, it is shown that vortices can be generated when the angular velocity of rotating superfluids exceeds certain critical values, which can be precisely determined by linear perturbation analyses (quasi-normal modes of the bulk AdS black brane). These vortices appear at the edge of the superfluid system first, and then automatically move into the bulk of the system, where they are eventually stabilized into
more » ... ain vortex lattices. For the case of 18 vortices generated, we find (at least) five different patterns of the final lattices formed due to different initial perturbations, which can be compared to the known result for such lattices in weakly coupled Bose-Einstein condensates from free energy analyses.
doi:10.1007/jhep02(2020)104 fatcat:eis5zoxvuja3rh5gxdoasb2sqe