Behavioral Problems of Pediatric Recovered Patients Infected with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is profoundly affecting lives around the globe, and up to now, a large of patients have clinically recovered from their initial illness. As the vulnerable population to adverse events, the effect of the COVID-19 outbreak on pediatric recovered patients are of great concern, but relevant researches are limited. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of behavioral problems among pediatric patients with COVID-19 infection after discharge. Methods: A
... charge. Methods: A total of 122 children who were suspected or confirmed COVID-19 cases and hospitalized for treatment were enrolled in the study between April 2020 and May 2020 in Wuhan, China. We collected related information about hospitalization and discharge for the children and emotional symptoms for their parents through electronic medical records and questionnaire. The behavioral problems for children were examined applying the parent-reported the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).Results: The participant children were discharged from hospital for about two months. Among them, 76 (62%) were boys, and the mean age were 6.71 years old. The highest prevalence of behavioral problems among pediatric children with COVID-19 was 15% (prosocial behavior), followed by 13% (total difficulties), 11% (emotional symptoms), 10% (hyperactivity), 9% (conduct problems), and 1% (peer problems). With regarding to their parents, 26% of them reported having anxiety symptoms and 23% having depression symptoms. Compared with children without anxious or depressive parents, the scores of SDQ were higher in children whose parents have emotional problems.Conclusions: The long-term follow up studies on the psychological and behavioral problems of children infected with COVID-19 and their parents are warranted.